Monday, May 25, 2020

Cyber Terrorism An Electonic Threat Essays - 533 Words

Cyber terrorism is make use of computers an organization or Government and certain information via the internet, resulting in physical injury, the real world or severe disruption of infrastructure. There are some who are against terrorism is really a form of cyber hacking or information warfare. They disagree with the label terrorists because this is not like Hud creation of fear, physical injury, or significant death in the population using electronic means, during the attacks and the protection technologies. The National Conference of State put the legislature (NCSL) which many finer points of the definition of the term use of information technology by terrorist groups and carrying out attacks against the network, computer systems and†¦show more content†¦The attack is a distributed denial of service attack where the selected web sites have been bombarded with traffic to force them off the line, almost all Estonian Government Ministry network, as well as two major Estonian bank networks were knocked offline; In addition, political parties Website this time Prime Minister of Estonia Andrus Ansip offered fake Letter apology Ansip for removing the statues a reminder. Computer programs are valuable property and therefore subject to theft from the computer system. However, it is not allowed to copy software, or software piracy, is also the main form of theft. Software piracy by employees of the company are extensive, resulting in legal action by the Software Publishers Association, an industry association software developers, as compared to the major companies are not allowed to make a copy of approved programmes Copying without permission is illegal because the software is intellectual property protected by the laws of copyright and user license agreements. For example, in the United States, a commercial software package are covered by the computer software piracy and counterfeiting amendments to the Copyright Act. In most cases, the purchase of a commercial software package that really is fair usage license fees by the end user for the individual. The latest study by the Business Software

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Ethical Issues in Schizophrenia Patients - 2558 Words

Ethical issues in schizophrenia patients Introduction Schizophrenia is a brain disease. Many studies have been conducted regarding the brain localization of schizophrenia. One study established that schizophrenia is characterized by significant loss in the grey matter of the brain. The loss was detected to be up to 25% in some areas and the damage was seen to begin at the parietal (outer) regions of the brain then spreading to the rest of the regions of the brain over a period of about five years ADDIN EN.CITE Rajagopalan1998923(Rajagopalan, MacBeth, Varma, 1998)92392317Rajagopalan, MMacBeth, RVarma, SLXXY chromosome anomaly and schizophreniaAmerican Journal Medical GeneticsAmerican Journal Medical Genetics64-65811998( HYPERLINK l _ENREF_9 o Rajagopalan, 1998 #923 Rajagopalan, MacBeth, Varma, 1998). Another study showed that patients who had the worst loss of brain tissue also exhibited the worst symptoms of schizophrenia such as hallucinations, psychotic and bizarre thoughts, hearing voices, depression and delusion ADDIN EN.CITE Conk lin2002797(Conklin Iacono, 2002)79779717Conklin, Heather M.Iacono, William G.Schizophrenia: A Neurodevelopmental PerspectiveCurrent Directions in Psychological ScienceCurrent Directions in Psychological Science33-371112002Sage Publications, Inc. on behalf of Association for Psychological Science09637214http://www.jstor.org/stable/20182759( HYPERLINK l _ENREF_2 o Conklin, 2002 #797 Conklin Iacono, 2002). Because the causeShow MoreRelated Ethical Analysis of A Beautiful Mind Essay1595 Words   |  7 PagesEthical Analysis of â€Å"A Beautiful Mind† â€Å"A Beautiful mind† is a story based on the life of John Forbes Nash, who is a famous mathematician. Unfortunately, he is suffering from paranoid schizophrenia that majorly affects his personal and social life. Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder in which the patient’s ability to function is impaired by severely distorted beliefs, perceptions, and thought processes (Hockenbury, 2010). John Nash, the main character, faces many challenges in his professionalRead MoreProfessional, Legal and Ethical Issues in Person-Centred Care1357 Words   |  6 PagesProfessional, Legal and Ethical issues in person-centred care For the purpose of this assignment the student will be discussing and analysing the professional, legal and ethical issues that influenced how person-centred care was delivered to a patient in an acute psychiatric hospital where the student was working. In accordance with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) (2010) the patient will be referred to as Sarah to uphold confidentiality. During a shift at the hospital the student attendedRead MoreThe Horrible World of Schzophrenia1245 Words   |  5 PagesSchizophrenia is a horrible brain disorder where people mix up what is real and what is their imagination. People with Schizophrenia hear voices in their head that arent really there. People affected with this disease may be paranoid because they believe people are reading their minds, controlling what they think, or plotting to hurt them. Schizophrenics may not make sense when they talk or seem crazy to people around them. They can sit still for hours without moving and you really cant tellRead MoreDescribe and Evaluate at Least Two Biological Treatments for Schizophrenia1604 Words   |  7 PagesDescribe and evaluate at least two biological treatments for schizophrenia Biological treatments arise from the medical model of abnormal behaviour, which considers mental disorder to be an illness of disease resulting from underlying biological factors. Most people with schizophrenia receive some form of drug therapy. Drug therapy is the most common treatment, using antipsychotic drugs. Antipsychotic drugs aims to help patient function as well as possible and increasing patient’s feelings of wellRead MoreChildhood Psychosis Through Autopsy : The National Society For Autistic Children952 Words   |  4 Pageshave recently determined that autopsies from children who have recently passed may shed light on the cause of schizophrenia in children. The infrequency of childhood deaths of those with schizophrenia makes this research that more difficult. There are ethical and legal issue to deal with, the parents need to sign off on this procedure to help other children dealing with the same issue, and training those performing the autopsy to be able to view the certain brain structures that are affect by thisRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Parkinson Disease985 Words   |  4 PagesSubjects will be recruited from the Suffolk and Honolulu County. The health departments of respective counties wi ll be contacted; meetings will be arranged in seeking their advice to plan a community screening operation of Parkinson disease patients. Patients from tertiary hospitals as well as community hospitals will be enrolled. Participants who were diagnosed by community hospitals will be assessed and examined more carefully and detail by team members to make sure they received the right diagnosisRead MoreCase Study : Nursing Intervention Rationale Essay1494 Words   |  6 PagesNursing Intervention Rationale Take patient into a lower level stimuli environment Reduce distractions for patient. This may calm down the Sally and assist in helping client focus on admission procedures. Remain neutral – both in communication and initial assessment Avoid paying too much attention to husband’s experience, speaking to him in a separate room if Sally feels like the reduced attention is a threat. Keep tone low and even. Use a calm and firm approach Provides a structured and neutralRead MorePsychosis - a Case Study905 Words   |  4 PagesSummative Assessment One: Case Study There are several key issues apparent for Belinda, one of which is social isolation. Belinda has withdrawn from her family and no longer spends time with her friends. In becoming socially isolated, Belinda is at risk of disruption to her social development leading to an increased likelihood of failure to achieve in the future (EPPIC, 2001). This is evidenced by the fact that Belinda’s grades have dropped significantly over the past six months. For the purposeRead MoreEssay about Applications of Gene Modification869 Words   |  4 Pages In todays society we experience a lot of controversial topics and hot button issues. New breakthroughs in science and technology can leave people upset and not ready for change. One of the most prevalent examples of a controversial science is genetic engineering. The modification of genes is becoming a popular application in science, but some people aren’t ready. Genetic engineering will play a big part in the scientific world in the next few years. Most people don’t think this is a goodRead MoreThe Article Factors Associated On Recovery From Schizophreni A Qualitative Study Of Thai Mental Health Nurses2706 Words   |  11 PagesInvolved in Recovery From Schizophrenia: A Qualitative Study of Thai Mental Health Nurses by Kaewprom, C., Curtis, J., and Deane, F.P. talks about a study they conducted during their time in Thailand. During the study the researchers chose at random 24 nurses from two different hospitals and one mental facility. Once the nurses where chosen they were asked several questions about how they felt about their work experience when they had to work with their schizophrenic patients. This type of qualitative

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Analysis of the Lucifer Effect Essay - 859 Words

Whether we want to believe it or not there is evil in all of us. The mind thinks and controls our bodies in ways that we would never think possible until it happens. We laugh at racist jokes, gossip about others actions, cheat on tests, and on the larger note murder and rape other human beings. People think that a racist joke is harmless but what they do not realize is that that one joke could escalate to become dehumanizing a certain group of people. Whether it is on a small scale or a larger one, evil is still evil. I’ve learned on the journey I took through The Lucifer Effect that I do things because other people want me to do them and I want to be accepted by other people. Americans always claim that they want to be individuals.†¦show more content†¦Dehumanizing people can cause incidents like what happened at Abu Gharib. Although the victims were prisoners, they did not deserve the humiliation and disrespect that Abu Gharib was implementing. In situations like wh at was happening in Abu Gharib it is crucial that the whistle be blown. Morals and ethics should overcome any kind of fear of being punished for doing the right thing no matter what the issue may be. Martin Luther King, Jr. once said â€Å"[W]e must learn that passively to accept an unjust system is to cooperate with that system, and thereby to become a participant in its evil.† What this quote is explaining is that when we stand by and watch people get teased and watch people get beaten we are as wrong as the people doing it. Too often we allow people to put in our heads what they believe is normal instead of challenging that norm and creating a new norm. If we stop thinking about how people perceive us we can speak out and take action on evils that we just passively cooperate with. There are many different ways to avoid these kinds of situations. You should always stand up for what you know is right, even if you know that your friends will not approve. Understand that you are vulnerable to evil in any situations. Never see yourself as superior to other people. Everyone deserves the same respect even if they have done bad deeds. The fact that a person is human gives them all rights as you deserve. If there are situations where corporationsShow MoreRelatedRhetorical Analysis Of The Lucifer Effect 846 Words   |  4 PagesRhetorical Analysis: The Lucifer Effect The Lucifer Effect examines how the human mind has the capacity to be infinitely caring or selfish, kind or cruel, creative or destructive. This work analyses the Stanford Prison Experiment, and the author’s personal experiences as an expert witness for one of the Abu Ghraib prison guards, to raise fundamental questions about the nature of good and evil. Mankind wants us to believe that there is a little good in all of us. Zimbardo created a min blowing experimentRead MoreThe Lucifer Effect By Philip Zimbardo Essay1043 Words   |  5 PagesThe Lucifer Effect by Philip Zimbardo, presents a significant question regarding the essence of human nature: How is it possible for typical, ordinary or even good natured people to become capable of perpetrating evil? While striving to understand unexpected, or abnormal behaviors, we tend to put our main focus on internal determinants such as genes, character, and personality, simultaneously ignoring external, situational factors that coul d be the central, critical catalyst for an apparent behavioralRead MoreSatan in Paradaise Lost and Dantes Inferno1138 Words   |  5 Pagesof love and of loss wherein a single unique character, a bearer of light is made to reverberate humanity and the supreme basic darkness that is the soul of man, one can note these key elements vis-a-vis his appearance, domain and the influence of Lucifer. Since the every dawn of time, man has had to make swift judgements. The main point of all judgement is appearance and such this is most logical place to start. Appearance plays a rather crucial role in the works under the scope of this essay.Read MoreSatan, Mephisto, Lucifer, And The Devil2058 Words   |  9 PagesSatan, Mephisto, Lucifer, the Devil, antichrist, all these names signify the prince of darkness, the monster. Throughout history, in art and literature, depictions of the devil has changed. I will be analyzing three pieces written in different centuries to point out the changes in depictions. And also, analyze what was going on during that time period and also where it was written. This will help explain why these depictions are what they are and why they have changed over the years. In the end willRead MoreThe Lucifer Effect Is An Eye Opener For Me1919 Words   |  8 PagesReading The Lucifer Effect was an eye opener for me. It got me thinking do we really know anyone f or that matter do we know ourselves? There are times in of our lives, have we been astonished to learn about the activities of someone we thought we knew very well. Are those who commit atrocities people with serious character defects or psychopathology, or are they ordinary people responding to an extraordinary situation? The Lucifer Effect delivers some possible rationalizations for these personalRead More Doctor Faustus - Analysis Essay1785 Words   |  8 PagesFaustus is contrived of the following: Faustus, a man well learned in medicine and other knowledge’s known to man is dissatisfied with where his life is heading so he calls upon the Lucifer and His accomplice, Mephistophilis, to teach him the ways of magic. They agree to be his tutors only if Faustus will sell his soul to Lucifer and be His after 20 years. Faustus agrees and goes through trying times where he is unsure of his decision and considers repenting but then is persuaded again and again that theRead MoreLe ading Org Final Exam Notes Essay1575 Words   |  7 Pagesstress and describe the stress experience Stress is an adaptive response to a situation that is perceived as challenging or threating to the person’s well-being. Distress – negative destructive effects, can be caused from boredom or under stimulation or overstimulation. Eustress –positive, constructive effects which are better performance, etc. Identify the different types of stressors in the workplace Interpersonal Stressors, most common, include team dynamics, bad bosses, workplace violence. Read MoreComparing Gwendolyn Brooks We Real Cool and Robert Frosts Nothing979 Words   |  4 Pageshour, in addition to the newfound light of dawn that rapidly goes down to day. All of these images, like that chronicled within Brooks poem, are fleeting, and result in a death that is the predominant theme within both of these works. Further analysis of both of these works indicates that the specific imagery the poets use not only details a swift death of the young, but also a fall from a period of grace and innocence. This fact is demonstrated most convincingly by the biblical imagery that appearsRead MoreLeadership And Teams : Conformity1278 Words   |  6 Pagesnorms? Can a group exert pressure that’s strong enough to change a member’s attitudes and behavior? How does one particular leadership model interact with the most important performance outcomes with regard to teams? What can be used from this analysis to assist in being a better manager? How would a leader who was following the tenets of the leadership model interact with the members of his or her team in order to maximize the strengths of work teams in general while mitigating the pitfalls ofRead MoreInvestigating The Molecular Mechanisms Responsible For Non Image Forming Visual Responses1568 Words   |  7 Pagesstructures of th e brain that were innervated by labeled cells. The researchers then used retrograde transport to determine that all of the nerve cells innervating the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) came from RGCs. These RGCs were then injected with Lucifer-yellow and stained with fluorescent melanopsin antibodies. After these dyed and stained RGCs were imaged, the researcher’s blasted the retinas with light from the visual spectrum. The cells were examined for action potentials and the resulting changes

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Juvenile delinquency may be regarded as an extreme Essay Example For Students

Juvenile delinquency may be regarded as an extreme Essay consequence of a childs unsuccessful interation with one of the more elements. Poverty, racial tensions, family conflict, peer pressure, mental and physical abililities , or inadequate educational oppurtunities may individually or collectively by factorss that negatively affect the child. Why cant they be like we were, perfect in every way, whats the matter with kids today? This song taken from the 1950s musical Bye Bye Birdie shows two parents frustrations with their children. Although Bye Bye Birdie is set in the 1950s it depicts a kind of anti- youth bias that has plagued teenagers for generations. Even In our society today, teenagers have become a face for many of Americas problems; crime, drugs the quality of education and values. President Clinton has been quick to endorse anti-truancy programs, child curfews and school uniforms. Politicians say they are out to protect children not just blame them. Many youth experts however, say that todays youth are being scapegoated for adult problems. In a survey taken by the Ronald McDonald House adults said teenagers are, rude irresponsible and wild. CURRENT STATUS OF ISSUE Many peoples perceptions about kids today are exaggerated and simply wrong. Todays youth are actually better off than our parents were a quarter of a century ago. Were less likely to smoke, drink, or do drugs, less likely to die at an early age, less likely to drive drunk, or die from a drug over dose and more likely to finish high school and go on to college. And we do every bit as well as our parents generation, if not somewhat better on aptitude and achievement tests. Yet, in a poll taken by U.S. News and World Report 83% of Americans said they thought that it was harder to be a kid today then it was a generation ago. In the book, It Takes a Village by Hillary Rodham Clinton, she writes, Everywhere we look children are under assault from violence and neglect, from the break up of families, from the temptations of drugs, alcohol, tobacco and sex. Most of the problems the first lady spouts off are far from sky rocketing in fact they have actually diminished. For example teens today are less likely to smoke. In 1994 1 in 5 high school seniors smoked by 1996 the ratio had fallen to 1 in 8. The 1996 presidential campaign was filled with stories identifying a terrifying upsurge of drug use by high school students during Clintons first term. Most stories though failed to mention that teen drug use today is still much lower, than it was in the late 1970s and early 1980s. In 1992 coroners reports of 8,500 drug related accidents suicides and over doses only 1. 1% involved children and teenagers. As for the morality of are countrys youth the 1996 class of college freshman reported doing more volunteer work then any other class in the 31 years that freshman have been surveyed. As for spiritual emptiness, todays youth are no less religious than generations before us. 95% of teens believe n God and 7 out of ten believe that god actively participates in ones life. So if teens today are generally better off than our parents were a quarter century ago why does society continue to think of teenagers as rude, irresponsible and wild? Some of what teens are perceiving is anti youth bias. If you keep shouting that kids today Dont know anything your bashing kids and we dont deserve it. Many people form opinions about a whole generation of teenagers with out ever really getting to know one. Teens have been portrayed as godless, jobless, violent and fatherless. It is this kind of image that raises a wave of anxiety and fear about the young. But the perception of teen crime is actually larger than the problem a 19994 Gallup Poll found that the average adult believes teenagers commit three times the number of crimes that they actually do. But this is not surprising because the negative activities of youth is what is often emphasized on television and in the newspaper. You never hear about the youth earns who good grades wins first place at the 4-H fair or .

Friday, April 10, 2020

Mikayla Clements Essays (3489 words) - , Term Papers

Mikayla Clements Kristi Loberg Introduction to Social work Concordia college Abstract Teen pregnancy is common in America, we see a stigma around teen parents needing extra help. However, there are programs in our welfare system that are specifically for teen parents. The main program set up for teen parents is TANF ( Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) . This program has its positives as well as its negatives when it comes to helping teen parents. Within this paper, I will go into more detail about TANF and how it benefits teens parents but also how there is still some work to do. There is also a real case assessment regarding a teen mother and her experiences used within this paper to show the social worker approach to cases such as teen pregnancy. Teen pregnancy is a topic that does deserve more attention in the social work field because it will always be something we must help with. Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) and Tee n Parents The American Public never loved social welfare programs, but it did not necessarily want them dismantled according to The Encyclopedia of S ocial Welfare H istory . In fact, by the early 1990s, nearly 50 percent of all households drew on government benefits from Food stamps to social security to mor tgage interest tax deductions. To convince the public that it stood to gain from smaller government and weaker social programs, the reformers had to undermine the longstanding belief that government should play a large role in society. Abramovitz (1996) suggest that Civil rights gains were called reverse discrimination and the victories of the women's and gay rights movement were a threat to "family values." Having set the stage, the welfare reformers began the attack on the welfare state by targeting AFDC (Aid to Families w/Dependent Children) , the most vulnerable and least popular welfare program. Drawing on social science theories that blamed poverty on the values and behavior of the poor, the reformers put forward the belief that social problems stemmed from a "culture of poverty" that promoted "defective" values and "deviant" behavior. In 1996, Congress passed and the President signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (P.L. 104-93). It combined AFD C jobs , and Emergency Assistance into block grants of single capped entitlement to states and placed federal childcare funding into a separate block grant for Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF). The new federal law known as TANF was implemented in most states within the year. Reflecting the "work first" approach, TANF placed a lifetime limit of five years on welfare eligibility. The new approach to welfare funding made numerous changes to the provision of health and social services and gave states more freedom in designing their own social programs and defining their own eligibility requirements. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act also shifted the spotlight of welfare from family maintenance through government-supported financial assistance to family economic self-sufficiency through paid employment. This federal welfare reform policy known as TANF encourages employment and personal responsibility by mandating states to provide financial benefits to families on a temporary basis, having recipients participate in a work requirement while receiving aid, and providing incentives for recipients to transition off welfare. The programs name indicated its purpose and the social mess age to the recipient. U nder federal l aw, families are required to: (1) Work after two years on financial assistance, (2) Adhere to behavioral criteria to continue receiving benefits, and (3) Only be eligible for aid for up to five years. The new public assistance program did retain many of the eligibility standards, benefits, services and requirements of the former program. All an indication of the national change in objectives f rom welfa re to work for TANF recipients . If the teen maintains a "B" average in school a bonus of $50.00 will be granted for each report card, and the money is paid directly to the teens. However, the teens will be penalized for not turning the report cards into the case worker on or before the dead line. For example: A teen turned in her report card, one-day after the deadline and she did not get her

Monday, March 9, 2020

Free Essays on Aeration Function

Aeration Function Respiration: The mov’t of gases to provide E (O2) & eliminate waste products (CO2). 4 Stages of Ventilation: 1. Ventilation – mov’t of O2 in & CO2 out of the alveoli. 2.Ex of gases across the alv – cap membrane (O2 to pul cap & CO2 t o alv). 3. Transport of gases in the blood. 4.Ex of gases at the tissue level. Alv are considered gas ex areas & everything above the alv are ventilated only. Pul artery carried de O2 blood back to the cap which encloses the alv & hbg becomes O2, the pul vein carries O2 Hgb to the L.A. & then pumps it out to the rest of the body. Lymph sys is imp with ARDS B/c it cleans up excess debris & fluid in the interstitial spaces. CHF there is a back up of blood P in the pulvein so fluid travels into interstitial spaces, usually the lymph system carries it away, but it becomes too much, seeping into alv causing pul edema. Tidal Volume: VT =amt of air exhaled after a N inhal N= 7-9 cc/kg Ie. 70 kg man (7-9 cc/kg ) = 490-630 cc This calc N tidal vol, but problems arise when vent is obs, pt must RR to move same vol = min vent. Minute Ventilation: VE= Total vol of air that vent lungs in 1 min N = 5000-10000cc/min or 5-10 L/min Ie. VE= VT(RR) VT= 500 RR=15 VE =500x15= 7500 7.5 L/min in total vol impacts pt more than in RR. 1. MECHANICAL PROCESS: A).Muscles of ventilation: Diaphragm – flattens & pulls down on inhal Ext intercoastals: pull ribs out & up Inhal is an active process req E / WOB Accessory muscles: SCM, scalene assist with forced inhal Expiration= N passive process not req E. If using abd & internal intercostals = E & WOB for forced exhale. B).LUNG THORAX R/L: Plural layer surrounds lungs, it has 2 layers, Parietal plura attaches lung to chest wall & diaphragm at main stem bronci it folds & becomes viseral plura layer. The 2 layers pu... Free Essays on Aeration Function Free Essays on Aeration Function Aeration Function Respiration: The mov’t of gases to provide E (O2) & eliminate waste products (CO2). 4 Stages of Ventilation: 1. Ventilation – mov’t of O2 in & CO2 out of the alveoli. 2. Ex of gases across the alv – cap membrane (O2 to pul cap & CO2 t o alv). 3. Transport of gases in the blood. 4. Ex of gases at the tissue level. Alv are considered gas ex areas & everything above the alv are ventilated only. Pul artery carried de O2 blood back to the cap which encloses the alv & hbg becomes O2, the pul vein carries O2 Hgb to the L.A. & then pumps it out to the rest of the body. Lymph sys is imp with ARDS B/c it cleans up excess debris & fluid in the interstitial spaces. CHF there is a back up of blood P in the pulvein so fluid travels into interstitial spaces, usually the lymph system carries it away, but it becomes too much, seeping into alv causing pul edema. Tidal Volume: VT =amt of air exhaled after a N inhal N= 7-9 cc/kg Ie. 70 kg man (7-9 cc/kg ) = 490-630 cc This calc N tidal vol, but problems arise when vent is obs, pt must RR to move same vol = min vent. Minute Ventilation: VE= Total vol of air that vent lungs in 1 min N = 5000-10000cc/min or 5-10 L/min Ie. VE= VT(RR) VT= 500 RR=15 VE =500x15= 7500 7.5 L/min in total vol impacts pt more than in RR. 1. MECHANICAL PROCESS: A). Muscles of ventilation: Diaphragm – flattens & pulls down on inhal Ext intercoastals: pull ribs out & up Inhal is an active process req E / WOB Accessory muscles: SCM, scalene assist with forced inhal Expiration= N passive process not req E. If using abd & internal intercostals = E & WOB for forced exhale. B). LUNG THORAX R/L: Plural layer surrounds lungs, it has 2 layers, Parietal plura attaches lung to chest wall & diaphragm at main stem bronci it folds & becomes viseral plura layer. The 2 layers pu...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Puritan ideals in colonial America reflected the cultural attitude and Essay

Puritan ideals in colonial America reflected the cultural attitude and defined the role of women in their society - Essay Example Choosing to be a single woman was considered by the Puritans to be disregarding ‘God’s will.’ These women were looked upon suspiciously and this choice heightened the chance that they would be accused of being a witch. This discussion will examine the role of women in colonial America and how the religious Puritanical system of the time defined women’s rights and duties within that society. Puritan women were prevented from owning property; they could not negotiate their own contracts or even keep any of their own wages. â€Å"Before the middle of the nineteenth century, the property rights of American married women followed the dictates of common law, under which everything a woman owned became her husband’s property upon her marriage† (â€Å"Married Women’s Property Acts†, n.d.). These restrictions on what a woman could do or own were partly due to the fact that most women were not considered intelligent enough to consider all the consequences involved in managing business or political situations. Women also played the subordinate role in defining the family’s religious beliefs. The observed religious traditions that guided the patriarchal family order allowed wives only a small authoritative role within the family unit. For instance, mothers were trusted and expected to pass along the teachings of the Puritans and Christianity to the children. Husbands could, and often did, entrust their wives to handle various legal and financial matters of the household or family farm but the extent of power the wife possessed always remained at her husband’s discretion. Wives that happily accepted their role and conformed to Puritan societal standards were openly referred to and addressed as ‘goodwife.’ However, the authoritative figure in the family and throughout all facets of Puritan society was clearly the man. The only role that wives served in the male dominated public psyche